Information About Diabetes, Its Types And Balanced Diet

diabetesAre you looking for the information on the diabetes? Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism, i.e. the way in which the body uses digested food for growth and energy production. Mostly the food which we eat is particles of glucose that is a sugar in the blood. This substance is the main fuel for the body.

After digestion, glucose passes into the bloodstream, where it is used by cells to grow and produce energy. However, glucose can enter cells, it needs the help of another substance named insulin.

Now the question arises what is Insulin? Actually, insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach. When we eat, the pancreas automatically produces the right amount of insulin needed to move glucose from the blood into body cells. People having diabetes suffer from the problem where pancreas produces little insulin or the cells do not respond then as expected the insulin produced. The blood glucose goes straight into the urine without the body to enjoy it. Or it is the increased blood, which is called glucose and is not utilized by the cells. Thus, the body loses its main source of fuel because there is blood glucose, but it can not be discarded without being used.

Three different types of existing diabetes

Type 1 diabetes

This type of diabetes is an autoimmune disease. This means that the system would be responsible for defending the body against infection and operates in a manner contrary and ends up fighting a part of the body itself. In diabetes, the immune system attacks the pancreatic cells which are responsible for insulin production, and thus killing them. The body starts to produce little or no insulin. Because of this, the one who has type -1 diabetes must take insulin every day.

Cause for type 1 diabetes

Until today, scientists do not yet know exactly what causes the immune  system that attacks the body’s own cells. But it is believed that genetic factors (and it can be hereditary) and the environment, likely viruses, are involved in this phenomenon.

In this case, the suspicion is that a toxin or a virus causes the immune system get confused and start to attack and destroy the pancreatic cells responsible for insulin production.

Diabetes symptoms usually appear during a short period, although the destruction of insulin producing cells, called beta, can begin years before they appear. Among the common symptoms, such as increased thirst and urine output, Constant hunger, Weight Loss, Blurred vision, Extreme tiredness.If the patient with diabetes not treated with insulin may be at risk of death.

Diabetes type 2

This is the most common form of diabetes found Between 90% to 95% of people. This diabetes is associated with old age, obesity, family history of disease and gestational diabetes, and sedentary lifestyle. No less than 80% of people who have type 2 diabetes are overweightvbecause of increasing obesity among children and adolescents, since the diets of today are nothing but healthy, this disease is increasing in these age groups. In this disease, almost always the pancreas produces enough insulin but, for unknown reasons, the body can not use this substance effectively. The problem due to this is called insulin resistance. After several years of resistance, the production of the substance ends up decreasing. The result is the same as type 1 diabetes, glucose produced in the digestion is not used as fuel by the body.

This type of diabetes can cause serious complications, so it is very important to recognize the symptoms of this disease. They evolve gradually. Unlike what happens in type 1, they do not appear suddenly. But they can be quite similar and are reflections of the increased amount of blood sugar:The symptoms are more or less same as in type 1 diabetes. Extreme tiredness, Nausea, Increased quantity of urine, Headquarters beyond normal, Weight Loss, Blurred vision, Frequent infections.

There are other symptoms which are less frequent and are more serious like Difficult to heal cuts and bruises ,Itchy skin (usually in the groin or vaginal area),Loss of vision  and Impotence.

Gestational diabetes

It is a disease characterized by rising blood sugar that first appears in pregnancy. This problem occurs in approximately 4% of women who become pregnant. It may disappear after delivery or becoming type 2 diabetes.

What causes gestational diabetes?

Almost all women have some degree of glucose intolerance during pregnancy, since this is a result of hormonal changes that occur during this period. This means that levels of blood sugar may be high, but not enough to characterize diabetes. Till the end of pregnancy, these high glucose levels can lead to gestational diabetes.

In pregnancy increased levels of certain hormones made by the placenta helps to transfer nutrients from mother to the developing fetus. Other hormones are produced by the placenta to prevent the mother stay with low blood sugar. For this, they block the action of insulin. As the months pass, these hormones cause glucose levels in the bloodstream making it too high. So to reverse this situation, the body starts producing more insulin, which carry blood sugar into cells.

Usually the mothers are able to produce more insulin, about three times the normal amount produced by an adult, to mitigate the effects of pregnancy hormones. However, if the pancreas can not produce enough insulin to lower blood sugar levels, the woman may develop gestational diabetes.

Varied and balanced diet for diabetics

There are many questions when a person discovers that he is suffering from Diabetes. Many questions arises in ones mind related to food like Can I eat bread, biscuits or rice? In what quantities? Can I eat beets, carrots or watermelon? Usually the patient receives the guidance that you can not eat but does not know what he can.

Actually, who are diabetic can not eat any food containing sugar, but in small numbers, can consume carbohydrate foods. Breads, biscuits, rice and pasta can be consumed in small amounts.

Vegetables such as lettuce, cabbage, kale, escarole, endive, spinach, among others, are released in the same way that vegetables like zucchini, chayote, green beans, squash, eggplant, cauliflower and broccoli. Carrots and beets also come in the list. They contain some carbs, but can be added to meals without much exaggeration. Since the tubers such as potatoes, cassava, and yam can be eaten to replace the rice in small quantities.

Fruits can be consumed four to five servings per day, however, one at each meal. Because it contains fructose( fruit sugar). If consumed several servings at once the blood glucose may rise. At breakfast, one can take half a papaya, before lunch, a banana and after lunch, a slice of melon. In the afternoon snack eat an apple. And Just after dinner, a tangerine.

Fruits like watermelon, orange and mango can be eaten, but in small quantities. A small slice of watermelon does not create any problem. The orange juice is contraindicated for diabetics because it raises blood glucose. It is advisable not to take meat but you can give preference to fish, chickens. When eating poultry always remember to remove the skin as for the fish is concerned it should be consumed at least once a week, grilled or oven. It is good to avoid fried foods.

Before consuming industrial products read the label. Some products on the market, even light, contain a little sugar and a little sweetener, then, in such cases, you should avoid. You can be consumed yogurts, jellies and juices which does not contain sugar.

One must be careful with soups. Peruvian soup, green soup, noodle soup and cream cheese or spinach contains much carbohydrate. The soups are best suited for vegetable variety. There are several choices of foods that diabetics can eat. It is important to quantitative the amounts, and may thus follow a healthy and peaceful life.

Photo Credit:

Ruchi Thukral